Underperforming, Overreaching or Overtraining?

What are overreaching and overtraining? Overtraining is a phrase commonly used in competitive sport. True overtraining syndrome is actually quite rare, but the spectrum of conditions that come under the umbrella of unexplained underperformance syndrome can affect athletes more frequently. There are three main subsets of this syndrome. The first is named functional overreaching. ThisContinue reading “Underperforming, Overreaching or Overtraining?”

Sleep, Recovery and Growth Hormone

Sleep is a basic human need. For athletes and those vying for peak physical performance, adequate sleep is one of the most essential factors in achieving that goal. Sleep may be the most important aspect of recovery due to its vital role in tissue growth and repair. It also has roles in neuromuscular performance, cognitiveContinue reading “Sleep, Recovery and Growth Hormone”

Tackling Obesity- Does Calorie Labelling Work?

Two thirds of adults and one third of children leaving primary school in the UK are overweight or obese. People who are obese are more at risk of hospitalisation, severe symptoms, admission to intensive care and death from COVID-19. Not to mention the increased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer and a reducedContinue reading “Tackling Obesity- Does Calorie Labelling Work?”

Altitude and Functional Fitness

Altitude is generally described as 1200m or higher above sea level. On ascent to altitude, atmospheric pressure is reduced, and therefore air molecules are more spread out than at sea level. This means that although the percentage of oxygen within the air does not change, the partial pressure is reduced, decreasing the amount of oxygenContinue reading “Altitude and Functional Fitness”

Active Recovery- Aren’t we just Building an Aerobic Base?

Active recovery is a term which is popular in the functional fitness space. When competitive athletes are asked how often they train, a common structure appears to be ‘five days a week, one day of complete rest and one day of active recovery’. But what does active recovery mean and what is its purpose? TheContinue reading “Active Recovery- Aren’t we just Building an Aerobic Base?”

Vitamin Deficiency and Supplementation in Athletes

Vitamins are essential micro-nutrients obtained from the diet and environment which are vital in a multitude of processes within the body. These include energy metabolism, oxygen transport, bone health and immune function. Vitamin supplementation is common in athletes, but is it necessary, and is there any evidence that it improves performance? Many studies taking placeContinue reading “Vitamin Deficiency and Supplementation in Athletes”

Mineral Deficiency and Supplementation in Athletes

Vitamins and minerals are micronutrients found in a variety of plant and animal foods which are essential for hundreds of biological processes throughout the body. Many of these processes are vital for exercise and athletic performance, such as energy storage and utilization, protein metabolism, oxygen transport, bone metabolism and immune function. Despite the importance ofContinue reading “Mineral Deficiency and Supplementation in Athletes”

Why Leucine Should Be Your Favourite Amino Acid

What is leucine and what does it do? How do I get stronger? A question echoed in gyms across the world! To get stronger, cross‐sectional area of muscle fibres, muscle strength, and muscle function must increase. Muscles are made of protein, so to increase muscle mass we need to be making more protein (protein synthesis)Continue reading “Why Leucine Should Be Your Favourite Amino Acid”